In Ethiopia, the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and nutrition-related non-communicable diseases (NR-NCDs) such as hypertension and diabetes has been increasing considerably in the past decade. NCDs account for 70% of all global deaths annually. Moreover, rates of overweight/obesity, which are risk factors for NR-NCDs, have nearly tripled over the last half-century. This brief describes: i. the trends and factors driving overweight/obesity among women of reproductive age (WRA), and ii. the factors associated with hypertension and prediabetes/diabetes among males and females in Ethiopia.