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As part of the NIPN project cycle a policy question formulation (PQF) process takes place to help government ministries and the NIPN identify key nutrition policy questions which need to be answered to inform policy revisions, strategy development and program implementation. The initial PQF process was elaborate; it included literature reviews, interviews with key stakeholders and several consultative meetings.

This NIPN M&E Plan forms part of the implementation and project management of the NIPN. It describes the NIPN’s results framework, its intervention logic and theory of change, the M&E processes, the team, the data quality, and flow, data sources, collection, management, analysis, and reporting. It also provides an overview of the M&E matrix with indicators, targets, and means of verification.

To respond to one of the research questions (What are the drivers of NCDs i.e., overweight/obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in Ethiopia?), NIPN embarked on a new approach for data analysis. The approach uses causal path diagrams otherwise known as ‘directed acyclic graphs’ (DAGs) which have been constructed as part of the methodological framework underpinning the analysis.

This plan is prepared as a road map to guide the continuity of NIPN beyond the project period and ensure long-lasting impact in the nutrition sector. The specific objectives of the plan describe the NIPN’s interventions and specific actions which foster sustainability, the future plans for the sustained use of the NIPN and its services, and the NIPN’s fundraising plan to diversify its funding portfolio.

In Ethiopia, the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and nutrition-related non-communicable diseases (NR-NCDs) such as hypertension and diabetes has been increasing considerably in the past decade. NCDs account for 70% of all global deaths annually. Moreover, rates of overweight/obesity, which are risk factors for NR-NCDs, have nearly tripled over the last half-century. This brief describes: i.